Madhya Pradesh Information

Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in the nation.  It lies in the centre of India.  It share its borders with seven neighbouring states.  They are Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Chattishgarh and Jharkhand.  The major part of Madhna Pradesh is covered with forests.  The cultivated area amounts to almost half of the total area.  The state covers a wide area of the Indian plateau region.  The Chambal, sone, Betwa and other rivers flow from the west to the east.  The basins of these rivers divide the state into two parts.  The northern part drains into the Ganges, while the Southern part drains into the river systems of Mahanadi and the Godavari rivers.

Madhya Pradesh has been home to many empires and these include the Mauryan Empire, the Mughals and later by the British.  This is a land of empires and Kingdoms of great warriors and builders, poets and musicians and saints and philosophers.  Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism and Jainism were all nurtured and flourished here Dynasties like that of Sungas, Andhras, Satavahanas, Ksatrapas and Nagar and the Guptas ruled over this land.  During and after the 10thcentury, different regions of this state were ruled by different dynasties.  When the British took over the state was declare as the central province.  After India gained her independence, Madhya Pradesh was given the states of a full fledged state with effect from 1st November 1956.

Madhya Pradesh General Information

The capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal.
There are 50 districts in this state.
The principal languages spoken by this people are Hindi.
State Bird
Barasingha is this state’s animal.
State flower
Parrot tree is this state flower.

Sanchi stupas

The emperor Ashoka built many stupas in the honour of Lord Buddha.  Stupas are towering stone structures in which the relics of Buddha were placed.  The stupas at sanchis is a small village in Madhya Pradesh is that a remarkable one.  They trace the development of Buddhist architecture and sculpture from the 3rd century to the 12th century.

Madhya Pradesh has been a home to Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, Muslims and various tribes and all of them have left an indelible mark in the form of temples, stupas, palaces and other architectural land marks.  That is why this state is called as melting pot different cultures.  Madhya Pradesh has a rich history in music.  This land saw the birth of two great singers of history Tansen and Baiju Bawra.  Baiju Bawra created a niche for himself in Persian and sung in the Mughal King Humayun’s court, while Tansen who succeeded him he became a singer in Akbar’s court.  The region saw the rise of two major gharanas of music that were born and nurtured here just like the music of this region, the dance of this state is varied in unique and equally.  Dominated by the tribal populace, the folk dance of this state is tribal in nature.  The great famous Khajuraho dance festival is a host to Madhya Pradesh in the world.  Masters of different dances like Kuchipudi, Bharathanatyam, Odissi, Kathak and many other classical dances perform here with the backdrop of flood fit Khajuraho temples.  Besides these dances a folk theatre called Mach show cases the legends of Kings and warriors through traditional songs and dances.

Madhya Pradesh lies at the heart of India and boasts of ten river basins.  The Narmadha and Tapti rivers and their basins divide the state into the Ganga basin and the Southern Part into the Godawari and Mahanadi Systems.  The Chambal, Sone, Betwa, Mahanadi and Indravati rivers flow from the western side of the state to the east.  While the Narmada and Tapti flows from the Eastern side to the West.  The Major tributary of the Ganga the son is born in this state, as are the Narmada and Mahanadi rivers.

The Narmada, Chambal, Betwa, Shipra, Sone, Mahanadi, Indrawati and Tapti are all rivers have played a considerable role in Making Madhya Pradesh.  In fact the Narmada is also referred to as the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh.  Originating in Amarkantak, the Highest peak of the Vindhya range, it flows westward through Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat before finally ending its journey in the Gulf of Khambat.