Ujjain originally called as Avantika in the age of Upanishads and Puranas is one of India's most scared and holy cities. In Sanskrit text, Ujjain has been eulogized as "the very home of the golden age paved with jewels full of romance with dancing girls in the temple and love in every heart."
Situated at a distance of 56km from Indore, the ancient town of Ujjain is one of the holiest cities for Hindus. It is situated on the bank of the sacred river, Shipra in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
The summer months are harsh with temperatures reaching up to 45°C. In addition, hot winds may blow in the afternoons, worsening the heat. The winter months are pleasant and cool with daytime temperatures typically 20°C, though it may drop to 3°C in the night. There are periods of rainfall followed by long periods of bright sunshine and high humidity. The month of October generally is very warm with high humidity.
According to Hindu scriptures, it was originally called Avantika. There is an interesting tale behind the sanctity of the City. It's origin is ascribed to the mythological legend of Sagar Manthan (churning of the primordial ocean to discover the pot of nectar). The story goes that after the nectar was discovered, there was a chase between the Gods and the demons to have the nectar firs and thus, attain immortality. During this chase, a drop of nectar spilled and fell on Ujjain, thus making the city sacred.
Apart from mythological legends, the city has a long distinguished history. It was governed by the likes of Vikramaditya and Ashoka. Kalidas wrote his soul stirring poetry here. Today, Ujjain represents an interesting blend of an age old legacy and the modern lifestyle.
Ujjain Tourism Information
These caves are situated just above the bank of the Shipra near the temple of Gadkalika. According to the popular tradition, this is the spot where Bhartrihari, who is said to have been the step brother of Vikramaditya, lived and meditated after renouncing worldly life. He is believed to have been a great scholar and poet. His famous works, Shringarshatak, Vairagyashatak, and Nitishatak, are known for the exquisite use of the Sanskrit meter.
Situated on the banks of the Shipra, the island-like site immediately conjures up the natural beauty of ancient Ujjain which poets down the ages have waxed lyrical. The glorious landscape of the flowing river on both sides of the palace and the man-made tanks and channels, with water gurgling through them, provide a spectacular backdrop to the imposing building.
Durgadas Ki Chhatri
This distinctive monument glows like a small jewel in the surrounding lush landscape. Vir Durgadas earned a secure niche for himself in the history of Marwad by his undaunting, selfless service to the State. He fought for the independence of Jodhpur after the death of Maharaj Jaswant Singh and helped Ajit Singh to ascend the throne against the wishes of Aurangzeb.
This academy was set up in Ujjain by the government of Madhya Pradesh to immortalize the memory of the great poet dramatist-Kalidasa and to create a multi-disciplinary institution to project the genius of the entire classical tradition, with Kalidasa as the apex. This institute also enables research and study in Sanskrit classical and traditional performing arts.
The ancient Ujjain apart from its political and religious importane, enjoyed the reputation of being a great seat of learning as early as the Mahabharata period is borne out by the fact that, Lord Krishna and Sudama received regular instruction in the ashram of Guru Sandipani located here.
Having one of the 12 jyotirlingas in India, obviously, Mahashivratri is a big event here. Thousands of pilgrims flock to the fair grounds near the famous Mahakaleshwar temple, and fast and worship throughout the night.
Simhastha Kumbh Mela
It is a mammoth fair, held once in twelve years at Simhstha. The magnificence and awesome spectacle of the bathing ritual defies description.
Ujjain Distance Guide