Jammu and Kashmir Information

Jammu and Kashmir is the northern most state of Indian union.   It is bounded by Afghanistan, Pakistan and China.  The China in the north.  The state can be divided into three regions they are Jammu, the Kashmir valley and Ladakh.  It has two capitals Jammu the winter capital and Srinagar the summer capital.
Jammu and Kashmir is famous for its natural beauty and has been described as heaven on earth.  Tourism is very important industry here and some major attractions are Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Leh, Pantnitop and Ladakh.  The city of Jammu is known as the city of temple.  While Srinagar is famous for its Lakes and house boats and Kashmir is known for its magnificent scenery.   In fact, the Kashmir valley is surrounded by some of the highest mountain ranges in the world.  The two most important pilgrimage centers are the amaranth caves and the Vaishnodevi shrine. << Click to Book Your Tour Online >>

Agriculture is the most important occupation of the people here.  Even those engaged in other industries depend on agriculture for raw material.  Most of the people follow Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism.

In the history of Jammu and Kashmir the Maurya dynasty took control of the region around the 3rd Bc.  King Ashoka ruled the land of considerable period of time and Buddhism has widely practiced.  During the time of the Mughals, Islam was widely practiced and Akbar had a strong influence in the region for many years.

Later, the control of the Kashmir Valley was passed to the conquering sikh armies. Gulab singh was made the Raja of Jammu in 1820.  In 1846, Jammu and Kashmir came into existence as a united state. After Independence Maharaja Hari singh, the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir was given the freedom to opt to become a part of either India or Pakistan.  In October 1947 the pasthuns from Pakistan invaded the Kashmir valley and the Raja sought assistance from India.  In return for India’s help the Raja signed the instrument of accession making Jammu and Kashmir a part of India.
Capital
The capital of Jammu is Srinagar in summer and Jammu in winter.
District
There are 22 districts in this state.  
Principal Languages
The languages spoken by the people are Urdu, Kashmiri and Dogri.
State Bird
Black necked crane is this state’s Bird.
State Animal
Kashmir stag is this state’s animal.
State flower
This state’s flower is lotus.

Tulip Park

The Indira Gandhi Tulip Park in Srinagar is the largest of its kind in Asia.  The tulips cover an area of over area of over 12 acres and the garden remains in full bloom for a month.  Row upon row of tulip beds, 50 metres long and 2.5m wide, stretch far into the horizon, pick, yellow and red tulips are followed by blooms in all colours imaginable even black.  It is truly a breathe taking sight.

The state of Jammu Kashmir is mainly hilly and mountainous with valleys and stretches of plains.   The area is full of natural beauty with thick forests, fast flowing rivers and winding streams.  The main rivers are Thelum, Neelum and Poonch.  The state can be divided into four major regions.  They are the sub mountainous and semi mountainous plain known as kandi or dry belt, the shivalik ranges, the high mountainous zone and the middle run of the Indus River.
In Jammu, the flora ranges from the thorny bushes type of the arid plain to the temperate and alphine flora higher altitudes.  Kashmir is also resplendent with forests.  The most magnificent of the Kashmir trees is the chinar.  The mountain ranges in the valley have dense deodar, pine and fir.  The highest elevations have no vegetations just snow and ice.

Jammu Distance Guide

Jammu Anantnag 249 Km
Jammu Baramula 366 Km
Jammu Kathua 84 Km
Jammu Leh (Ladakh) 739 Km
Jammu Muzaffarabad 500 Km
Jammu Punch 240 Km
Jammu Riasi 73 Km
Jammu Srinagar 305 Km
Jammu Udhampur 66 Km