The Nilgiris properly called “Neela-giris” or Blue Mountain is an integral part of the great plateau about 56km broad and 6,500 feet high on an average occupying in the junction of the Eastern and Western Ghats. This name is about 850 years old and was given by the inhabitants of the adjoining plains cause of the blue haze which envelops the range.
The Nilgiris range is known for its coffee and tea plantations. Potato is the major cash crop of the district. Cinchona products eucalyptus oil, geranium, scented phenol, etc. are also produced here. The district is also noted for its ancient tribes the Todas, the Kotas, The Kurumbas, the Panias and the Irulas.