Uttar Pradesh Information
Uttar Pradesh is the one largest state of India. It is bounded by Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. The Gangatic plain occupies three quarters of the state. The entire alluvial plain can be divided into three sub regions. The vindhya Hills and Plateau in the Southern part consists of hard rock strata, with a varied land scape of hills, plains, valleys and plateau. Uttar Pradesh can lay claim to be the oldest seat of India’s culture and civilization. The findings of the archaeological excavations from far various places of the state link Uttar Pradesh to the early stone age and Harappan era.
The classical dance Kathak, folk arts like Braj Raslila, Ralila and Charkula are very famous art forms of Uttar Pradesh.
The Tajmahal is one of the most beautiful monuments in the world, is situated at Agra in Uttar Pradesh. It was built by the emperor Shahjahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. The Tajmahal has been designated as UNWSCO world heritage site.
Uttar Pradesh has the second largest economy in India. Agriculture and Industry are where the real assets of the state lie. The fertile soil of the state, increased use of fertilizers, better irrigation facilities and usage of different varieties of high yielding seeds make it one of the major producers of food grains. The major agricultural cultivations are wheat, rice, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane and fruits like mangoes and apples.
The major industries are based on minerals, cement manufacturing and small scale units. The region has a large reserve of minerals. There are aluminium units in Banda and Sonbhadra area, copper plants in Pithor garh, Almora chamoli and Tehri Garhwal, coal reserves in the singra uli and limestone deposits in mirzapur area of the state. Small scale industries also pay a major role in the economy of the state.
Uttar Pradesh General Information
Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh.
There are 74 districts in this state.
The principal languages spoken by the people are Hindi and Urdu.
This state’s bird is the sarus cane.
This state’s animal is swamp deer.
Palash is this state’s flower.
Uttar Pradesh is the land of the epics, the Mahabharatha and Ramayana. The empire of Chandra Gupta Maurya extended nearly over the whole of Uttar Pradesh. During the Gupta period, the culture and architecture of Uttar Pradesh reached its peak. The decline of the Guptas coincides with the rise of the Huns from central Asia. The 7th century witnessed the taking over of Kannauj by Harshavardhana.
In 1526, Babur laid the foundation of the Mughal dynasty. The highlight of the Mughal rule came when Emperor Akbhar chose the cities of Agra and Fatehpur Sikri as his capital cities. The Mughal reign saw the construction of some of the most magnificent monuments in Uttar Pradesh. With the emergence of the East India company, the whole region was captured by the British. Modern day Uttar Pradesh saw the rise of important freedom fighter on the nation scenario. Lal Bahadur Shastri, jawharlal Nehru, Smt. Indira Gandhi and Charan singh are only a few of the important names who played a significant role in India’s freedom movement. During the days of the British Empire, the state was name united provinces in 1935. This was later changed to Uttar Pradesh in 1950, after the India became independent.