This small town is 13km from Thanjavur situated on the banks of the Cauvery.  Thiruvaiyaru has an old Shiva temple dedicated to panchanatheswar.  Though pilgrims flock to this temple throughout the year. Thiruvaiyaru is more renowned for its annunciation with saint Thyagaraja, who along with Muthuswamy Diskshitar and Shyama Sastri, Comprises the trinity of Carnatic Music.  Near Shiva Temple is the one roomed have where Thyagaraja composed some of this greatest works.  On the banks of the river is the Samadhi of the saint and it is here that the greatest music festival in the country takes place annually.
The Thyagaraja Aaradhana festival is held in January when most of the leading exponents of Carnatic music come to perform and are watched by thousands of ardent fames of classical music.

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