Ramzan

Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic Calendar Year, a month when, in 615 AD., Allah revealed the Holy Quran for human beings as a guidance and declaration.

Fasts

Islamic Calendar is based on the Lunar suste (based on the moon and not the Sun).  The practice of fasting during Ramadan is called “Sawm”.  To start fasting one has to sight the crescent of the new moon with ones’ naked eyes.  It is a period of worship and contemplation.  Muslims usually go to the Masjid (mosque) and spend hours studying the Quran and recite a special prayer called the Taraweeh (Night Prayer) in addition to the 5 daily prayers.
Throughout the world, Muslims observe the Ramadan month by fasting and through increased concentration for purification of soul to increase closeness with God.  It is a period of worship and contemplation.  On evening, Muslims celebrate the Laylat-al-Qadr (Night of Power) with the belief that on this day in 610 AD, the Holy Quran was revealed to provide guidance, teaching, direction to all and also judging between wrong and right.  Moreover this day is believed to have influenced the course of the year.

Constraints

Strict constraints are placed. Smoking, drinking, meat and sexual relations are forbidden during fasting.  However, children, elderly, soldiers and the incurable sick are exempted.  Telling of lies, slander, false oath and betrayal are considered most offensive during Ramadan and can destroy the goodness of fasting.

Breaking Fasts

Celebrations of Id-Ui-Fitr Fasts are traditionally broken with souhoor before sunrise and iftar after sunset.  Muslims observed for 30 days and fasts during daylight hours for an entire month.  With the end of the customary fasting during Ramadan, Id-Ul-Fitr (Feast of fast-breaking) is celebrated for three days. Gifts are exchanged and large meals are prepared.  In some places fairs are also held.