Nagpur, the ‘City of Oranges’ regarded as the geographical centre of India, is a metropolis-in-the-making. It was founded on the banks of Nag river during the early 18th century, by the Gond Raja Bakht Buland and later flourished under the Bhonsle’s. Due to its prime location, the British developed it as an important administrative, judicial and revenue collection centre. The city is studded with several antiquities, which includes, a splendid fort and several mausoleums. It is also an important commercial and educational centre. Nagpur is a convenient base for visiting various sanctuaries like Tadoba, Nagzira, Nawegaon and Pench.
Nagpur has an are of approximately 220 sq. km, and is situated at 21°06' N latitude and 79°03' E longitude with a mean altitude of 310m above the sea level. It is located far away from any major water body at the centre of the Indian peninsula.
The climate of Nagpur follows a typical seasonal monsoon weather pattern. The peak temperatures are usually reached in May/June, and can be as high as 48°C. The onset of monsoon is usually from July and the season extends up to September, with monsoon peaking during July and august. After monsoons, the average temperature varies between 27°C and 6 to 7°C, right through December and January.
Bhakt Buland, a Gond prince of the kingdom of Deogad in the Chhidwara district, founded the present city in the early 18th century. Seeing the advantage of a civilized life in Delhi, he started to build Nagpur as his new capital. His successor, Chand Sultan continued the work. On Chand Sulta's death in 1739, disputes regarding succession arose and Raghuji Bhonsle, the Maratha governor of Berar, helped to restore the elder son to the throne. As the dissensions continued, Raghuji Bhonsle again intervened in 1743, and the control of Nagpur slowly passed on from the Gonds to the Marathas. It became the capital of the Bhonsles.
Nagpur Tour Information
Nagpur the second capital of Maharashtra enjoys an excellent connectivity with the rest of the country through three National Highways as well as by rail and air connections to major cities of the country. Rich in agriculture and horticulture produce, Nagpur is famous for its oranges, and is also known as the 'Orange City'.
This legendary pilgrim centre has numerous temples dedicated to Lord Rama, Sita and Laxmans, who tarried awhile here. Kalidasa, the famous poet is also believed to have stayed here and wrote his masterpieces. A major 15-day fair is held in November.
It is a convenient base for visiting the two most famous centres of modern pilgrimage. Gandhihi’s Sewagram and Vinobha Bhave’s Paunar. Wardha is a railway junction on Central Railway.
Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary (170km)
The scenic sanctuary sprawls amidst the Tirora range of Bhandara Forest Division and is home to tiger, panther, bison, sloth bear, sambar, antelope, chital etc. The best time to visit is during April and May. Nearest bus stand I s Sakoli, 22km away. Other nearby towns are – Gondia (45km) and Bhandara (75km).
Nawegaon National Park (132km)
It is inhabited by a rich and varied wildlife. The Nawegaon lake is believed to have been built by Kolu Patel Koli in the 18th century. The Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. Nawegaon is home to almost 60% of the bird species found in entire Maharashtra. Every winter beautiful migratory birds visit the lake.
Pench National Park (70km)
The park covers an area of 257.26 sq km and comprises of tropical dry deciduous forests, which are home to tiger, panther, gaur, sambar, chital, barking deer, blue bull, macaque, languor, wild boar,
bear, wild dogs and civet cat. Best time to visit is from February to April. It is just 35km from Ramtek.
Tadoba National Park (127km)
The Todoba National Park is a small park, sprawled over an area of about 120sqkm at an altitude of 200m. It is located 100km south of Nagpur and 45km north of the district headquarter. It is the best known game sanctuary of Maharashtra. The forest here teems with animals like panthers, sambars, bisons, deers etc. Bird life too is diverse and colourful. The lake in the middle of the park is held sacred by the tribal and is a haven for crocodiles. The best season to visit is from March to May.
Tadoba is also known as "The Jewel of Vidarbha". It is one of he oldest parks in Maharashtra and is also a Project Tiger reserve since 1993. The area around Tadoba was once highly populated by the Gond tribals. The park is named after their local deity, 'Taru', who, according to a legend, was killed in a fight with a tiger. He is still worshipped by the local villagers as the deity of 'Tadoba'.
Dhakna – Kolkaz wildlife Sanctuary (279km)
This unique sanctuary in Amravati district is located amidst the verdant valleys of the rivers Sipna and Dolar. Dhakna is 29km ahead of Kolkaz. This is the Melghat Tiger Reserve, even richer in other animals and bird life.
The Ambazari lake is situated 6km west of Nagpur. It is the largest and the most beautiful lake in the city. This place is very well managed and preserved by the Nagpur Municipal Corporation. The lake also has a garden located just beside it. It was established in 1958 on an area of about 20 acres of land.
The Oranges of Nagpur are famous throughout the world for their superior quality. These oranges are arranged in a "Mondha". It is an arrangement unique to Nagpur markets. The Nagpur oranges are cultivated in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The orange is cultivated in an area of about 80,000 hectares in Vidarbha with a total production of nearly 5 lakh tons. A major part of the oranges produced here is exported to other countries of the world.
The Sitabuldi fort is an important landmark of Nagpur, located on top of a hill, right in the centre of the city. A British officer built this fort in the year 1857. It is one of the oldest attractions of the city. One can view this park from the twin hills of Sitabuldi.
The fort now houses the office of the Territorial Army, and is open to the public on National holidays.
Tekdi Ganapathi Temple
This temple is one of the most ancient and popular temples of Nagpur. It is located near the railway station. The temple is called Tekdi Ganapati as it is constructed on a hill and in Marathi Languate, a hill is called as a Tekdi. It is believed to be approximately 250 years old. Earlier, the temple was not more than a tin shaded temple, but later it was constructed as one of the most respected temple. The construction of this Ganesha temple began in 1978 and was completed in 1984.
The Kalidas Festival at Nagpur
Kalidas was a great Sanskrit poet and dramatist, famous for his historical drama, Shakuntalam, and for the epic poem, Meghdoot. The Kalidas Festival brings back memories of the golden period of the Vidarbha region. Ramgiri, or Ramtek as it is popularly known today, is the place that inspired Kalidas, and its beauty features predominantly in his literary work.
Nagpur Distance Guide