Chivalrous Chittaurgarh, the citadel of the brave, reverberates with tales of valour and romance. The massive fort atop a hill is perhaps the best in the country and could be singled out for its glorious past. It is said that Bappa Rawal, the legendary founder of the Sisodia clan, conquered Chittaur from Mauryas in the middle of 8th century. Chittaurgarh remained the capital of Memar till 1567, when Akbar, sieged Chhitaur and Udaipur became the new capital of Mewar.
Chittaurgarh Tourism Information
The formidable fort perched atop a 180 metre high hillock covers a huge area of 700 acres. It is said to be originally built by the Mauryans in 7th century and later developed by the successive Mewar rulers. The citadel was ravaged thrice, but each time the indomitable spirit of Chittaur rose like a phoenix and regained its lost glory. In 1303, it was first sacked by Allaudin Khiliji, whois said to have been lured by the legendary beauty of Rani Padmini. But, Rani Padmini preferred death to dishonour and committed Jauhar (self immolation), along with other ladies of th court. Chittaurgarh was plundered again in 1535, by Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and finally in 1567, by the Mughal emperor Akbar. The fort is approached through seven huge gateways or ‘pols’, which are guarded by watch tower and massive iron spiked doors.
Vijaya Stambh or ‘Victory Tower’
It was created by Rana Kumbha in 1440, to commemorate his victory over the combined forces of the kings of Malwa and Gujarat. The nine storeyed towers rises to a height of 120ft (36.5mts) and has a girth of 39ft at the base. It is ornately carved with splendid sculptures of Hindu deities.
Kirti Stambh or ‘Tower of Fame’
The 22 metre high tower was built in the 12th century and is dedicated to Lord Adinath Rishabdeo, the first Jain tirthankar. The intricately carved structure is full of figures from Jain pantheon.
Rana Kumbha’s Palace
Rani Padmini is said to have committed Jauhar in one of the underground cellars of the palace. The palace although in ruins, reflects the tastes of Rana Kumbha, one of the greatest Mewar rulers.
The ‘Zanana Mahal’ of the palace overlooks a pond of water, where Allaudin Khilji is said to have seen the reflection of Rani Padmini.
It is dedicated ot Meera bai, a mystic poetess and a great devotee of Lord Krishna. She was married to Bhojraj, the son of Rana Sanga of Mewar.
Kumbha Shyam Temple
The temple of Varah (Boar), an incarnation of Lord Vishnu was built by Rana Kumbha in 1448. It is also associated with Meera Bai.
Kalika Mata Temple
The temple of Goddess kali was originally built as a Sun Temple by Bappa Rawal in the 8th century.
Govt. Museum, Fatch Prakash Mahal
It exhibits a rare and rich collection of sculptures from the fort and the temples.
Chittaurgarh Distance Guide
|Chittaurgarh||to||Sawai Madhopur||257 Km|