Bikaner Tourism Information

Bikaner, a beacon of rich culture and heritage amidst harsh desert surroundings was founded in 1488, by the Rathore prince, Bika, the son of Rao Jodha of Marwar.  It was located directly on the ancient caravan routes, which linked West / Central Asia and north India with the seaports of Gujarat.  The city studded with forts, palaces and mansions was once surrounded by a 7km long embattled wall with five gateways.  Today, Bikaner is also famous for its delicacies like Bhujias, papads and rasgullas.

Location

Bikaner is located in the northern part of Rajasthan, and lies 316km from Jaipur, 240km from Jodhpur and 330km from Jaisalmer.  This desert city shares its boundary with Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Nagaur and even Pakistan.

Climate

The maximum temperature during summer goes to 48°C.  The minimum temperatures during winter's may sometimes come down to -1°C.  The annual rainfall is about 24.30cm.

History

Rao Bikaji, a Rathore prince founded Bikaner in 1488AD by transforming the barren land, 'Jangladesh' into a striking city.  Later with the initiative of Maharaja Ganga Singh, Bikaner became a noteworthy princely state.  Also an important trade route was linked with China and Central Asia.

Bikaner Tourism Information

Bikaner, the desert city of Rajasthan draws a large number of tourists for its picturesque golden sand dunes, striking red sandstone forts, stunning palaces and havelis, and certainly, its camel safaris.  The city boasts of having the best camels, and has the largest camel research and breeding farm in the world.  Hence, this place is also called, the camel country.  The 'camel festival' is also a major attraction here.

Junagarh Fort

The impregnable fort built by Raja Rai Singh in 1593, is encircled by a moat and has many palaces, pavilions and temples.  Suraj Pol or ‘Sun Gate’ is the main entrance to the fort.  Within the ramparts, are fine monuments like, Anup Mahal, Ganga Niwas, Rang mahal, Har Mandir, Chandra Mahal, Durbar Hall, Gaj mandir and Sheesh Mahal etc.  The fort also has an excellent museum. The fortress is bounded by a moat and consists of 37 palaces and pavilions including Chandra Mahal, Phool Mahal and Karan Mahal.  The museum within this fort encloses priceless miniature paintings and extraordinary antiques that are of great interest fort art lovers.

Lalgarh Palace

This Majestic palace built by Maharaja Ganga Singhji in 1902 is a magnum opus in red sandstone.  This architectural wonder was created by the fusion of Rajput, Mughal and European architecture and exhibits superb craftsmanship in the form of striking latticework and filigree work.  It has now been converted into a luxury hotel.  Sri Sadul Museum is housed in one part of the palace.

Jain Haveli

Bikaner abounds in beautiful havelis the ancient luxurious mansions with sprawling courtyards ehere the nobles or the affluent people of Rajasthan lived.  These havelis belonged to the Kotharis, Rampurias, Vaids and Dagas and were located in the regions like Gogagate, Daddhon Ka Chowk and so on.

Rajasthan State Archives

The department is internationally acclaimed for its rich collection of administrative records of the Mughal period, which were created during the administration of the princely states of Rajasthan.

Ganga Government Museum

It is one of the best museums in the state, with rich treasure of antiquities form Harappan civilisation, Gupta and Kushan era etc.

Bikaner Temples Information

Bhandeshwar jain Temple

The 15th century shrine is the oldest existing monument of Bikaner.  It is adorned with rich mirror work, décor, frescoes and gold leaf paintings.

Raj Ratan Bihari and Rasik Siromani Temple

The 19th century palatial shrien within Ratan Bihari Park was built by Tatan Singhji and Sardar Sighji.

Bikaner Tour Information

Havelis

Bikaner is also known for its ornately carved red sandstone havelis and mansions belonging to reputed business houses of the region. Shiv Bari Temple (6km) This 19th century Shiva temple was built by Maharaja Doongar Singhji.  It is fortified with high walls and has beautiful paingints.

Devi Kund (8km)

It is the crematorium of the royal family.  The graceful white marble Chhatri (cenotaph) of Maharaja Surat Singh is a fine piece of Architecture.

Camel Research Farm (8 km)

The farm is only one its kind in entire Asia.

Deshnok (30km)

The small town on the road to Jodhpur is known for the unique shrine of Goddess Karni Mata.  The shrine is famous for the rats, who are venerated over here.

Festivals

Camel Festival

Organized in the month of January every year, the camel festival in Bikaner enthralls you with archaic customs that manifest themselves in the rituals observed during the festival celebrations.  The first day of Bikaner camel festival begins with a chromatic camel procession that lights up the Thar with festivities and joyous music.  Each camel is dressed in brilliant or bandhs gorbandhs accessorized with trinkets and jewellery.  In fact, the camel procession forms a spectacular sight against the vast gold Bikaner sands as the camels sashay along camel tracks while displaying unmatched grace and charm.  Later in the day, the Bikaner dunes vibrate with pulsating open-air performances by Kalbeliya dancers, fire-dancers and a plethora of folk artists.  The Bikaner desert comes alive with unparalleled ethnic glory and joy during the festival.

Kolayat Festival

Celebrated with great pomp and religious fervor on the bank of the Kolayat Lake in Bikaner, the Kolayat Festival is a significant Hindu festival that finds a mention in ancient Hindu scriptures, including the Puranas.

Tourist and pilgrims gather on the banks of the sacred Kolayat Lake and take holy dips before praying at the Kolayat Temple located close by Pilgrims make offerings of milk pudding, sugar drops and sweetmeats at the Kolayat Temple, Bikaner.

The Kolayat Festival is also known a the Kapil Muni Fair and is celebrated with exciting cultural and religious customs that brighten up all the 52 ghats that ornament the banks of the Kolayat Lake in the colorful city of Bikaner, Rajasthan.

Bikaner Distance Guide

Bikaner to Alwar 462 Km
Bikaner to Banswara 724 Km
Bikaner to Barmer 437 Km
Bikaner to Bharatpur 493 Km
Bikaner to Bhilwara 404 Km
Bikaner to Ajmer 272 Km
Bikaner to Bundi 434 Km
Bikaner to Chittaurgarh 459 Km
Bikaner to Churu 178 Km
Bikaner to Dungarpur 645 Km
Bikaner to Ganganagar 282 Km
Bikaner to Jaipur 354 Km
Bikaner to Jaisalmer 328 Km
Bikaner to Jhalawar 556 Km
Bikaner to Jhunjhunun 223 Km
Bikaner to Jodhpur 242 Km
Bikaner to Kota 471 Km
Bikaner to Nagaur 110 Km
Bikaner to Pali 410 Km
Bikaner to Sawai Madhopur 486 Km
Bikaner to Sikar 212 Km
Bikaner to Sirohi 521 Km
Bikaner to Tonk 401 Km
Bikaner to Udaipur 577 Km